pigmentation on face
Skin pigmentation on face is the primary reasons why people seek out dermatologists help. One of the most common causes of pigmentation is that we all know, Indians are mostly having brown coloured skin and any injury like a small acne breakout usually leads to pigmentation. The second and the most common cause we see is melasma; it is a widespread pigmentation disorder in which you see dark spots over sun-exposed areas. It is very common in the Indian population, though, it is common in women it is also much seen in men. the exact cause of melasma is unknown. Still, some risk factors can cause melasma such as U/V rays of the sun; it can be genetic, hormonal changes, pregnancy and intake of any oral contraceptive pills. The most crucial cause of melasma is to be sun exposer. There is also a strong genetic predisposition in the case of melasma. 40% of people have a family history of melasma. Some may have thyroid disfunction, allergy to any fragrance cosmetics and emotional stress, and further studies have found that even zinc deficiency could also cause melasma. And the third common cause of pigmentation could be creams over the counter used for pigmentation and fairness.
- If you do have acne make sure you do not pick at it. Because picking at it leaves more marks and pigmentation than lotion, make sure you speak to your dermatologist and use a gel-based sunscreen to prevent pigmentation developing on these acne marks; the second thing is to use a skin lightening cream with glycolic or kojic acid which will help to lighten out these marks effectively.
- The second cause is melasma. Unfortunately, melasma is inherited, if your family suffers from melasma, you might too. Melasma is of three types that is epidermal, dermal and mixed. Epidermal melasma means the pigment is stick to the top layer of the skin that is the epidermis. Dermal melasma means that the pigment is at the demis layer that is a deeper layer of the skin, and mixed means the pigment is in both the layer epidermal and dermal layer. It is essential to differentiate the melasma because epidermal melasma is better in treatment than the other types. Treatment of melasma takes a long term process; it can’t be cured overnight by taking any tablets or creams. But you can keep it at bay by using a broad-spectrum sunscreen regularly and at frequent intervals so that sun doesn’t damage your skin further. Use a skin lightening cream containing retinol, glycolic acid, and oxalic acid to lighten out the skin. Treatment such as bleaching your skin and making your pigmentation worst, so avoid bleaching your skin. one should always use sunscreen on a long term basis. The most important aspect of treating melasma is controlling your sun exposer, following rigorous sun protection. It would be best if you used a broad-spectrum sunscreen of SPF 30 to apply it over your entire face and neck area and reapply it every 2-3 hours. Sunscreen has to be a part of your daily routine, a part of your life.
- The third reason is over the counter fairness creams; some of them contain steroids or sanitization agents that make your pigmentation much worse. When you pick your cream, discuss it with your dermatologist who can advise you whether it will benefit you or inform you of a medical cream that can be more suitable for your skin type. Ensure your sunscreen is on every day, even on a cloudy day because U/V radiation is different under the sun or disability of sunlight. You might think it’s a cloudy day, but you always need a sunscreen that protects your skin from going dark even when you are on the right skin lightening products, which is your safety barrier.
If you have pigmentation on the epidermis, then it’s effortless to remove the pigmentation with creams, lotions etc… Still, if you have pigmentation on the dermis layer or the deeper layer of the skin, you must have some procedures and talk to your dermatologist to remove the pigmentation. If these creams don’t help you, your pigmentation is on the lower layer of the skin, i.e. dermis.
Minimalist is 2% Alpha Arbutin Serum for Pigmentation & Dark Spots Removal. This is Anti-pigmentation Face Serum For Men & Women with Hyaluronic Acid to Remove Blemishes, Acne Marks & Tanning. Alpha arbutin is a naturally occurring derivative of extracted from the dried leaves of plants like blueberry, cranberry and bearberry. It works as an effective skin-lightening agent fading pigmentation and spots caused by breakouts or sun damage. It is formulated with 1% Hyaluronic Acid to provide extra hydration and softness. It is one of safest and effective skin lightening active compared to other actives such as Kojic Acid used in traditional pigmentation removal cream. It inhibits melanin production without causing cell cytotoxicity thus is safe to be used as anti-pigmentation daily serum for longer durations unlike other skin lightening or brightening ingredients. Alpha Arbutin is suitable for all skin type.
RE’ EQUIL Skin Radiance Cream helps in reducing hyper pigmentation, dark spots, age spots, melasma. This is a Non-comedogenic formulation for all skin types. Dermatologically Tested which Contains clinically proven ingredients Provides lighter, brighter and even skin tone, Skin that attains an uneven skin tone due to an imbalance in melanin production resulting in pigmentation or dark skin. Its scientifically backed ingredients help to rebalance the melanin production and repair UV damage.
Mamaearth Bye Bye Blemishes Face Cream, For Pigmentation & Blemish Removal, With Mulberry Extract & Vitamin C. This is a natural remedy for a pigmented skin. This can be used on an everyday basis it is non-greasy cream creates a protective barrier on the skin, which contains powerful ingredients like Daisy Flower Extract and Mulberry Extract, it calms and soothes the skin, reducing the appearance of blemishes, dark spots, age spots, discoloration, hyperpigmentation and loss of skin elasticity. Safe for all skin types.